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OnDaFence 29M/37M  
25859 posts
1/9/2017 7:44 pm

Last Read:
1/11/2017 10:22 am

2066 years Ago Today



The great Julius Caesar and his army crossed the Rubicon River starting the Roman Civil war.



During the Roman republic, the river Rubicon marked the boundary between the Roman province of Cisalpine Gaul to the north-east and Italy proper (controlled directly by Rome and its socii (allies) to the south.
Governors of Roman provinces were appointed promagistrates with imperium (roughly, "right to command") in their province(s). The governor would then serve as the general of the Roman army within the territory of his province(s). Roman law specified that only the elected magistrates (consuls and praetors) could hold imperium within Italy. Any promagistrate who entered Italy at the head of his troops forfeited his imperium and was therefore no longer legally allowed to command troops.
Exercising imperium when forbidden by the law was a capital offence. Furthermore, obeying the commands of a general who did not legally possess imperium was a capital offence. If a general entered Italy whilst exercising command of an army, both the general and his soldiers became outlaws and were automatically condemned to death. Generals were thus obliged to disband their armies before entering Italy.



On January 10, 49 BC G. Julius Caesar led a single legion, Legio XIII Gemina, south over the Rubicon from Cisalpine Gaul to Italy to make his way to Rome. In doing so, he (deliberately) broke the law on imperium and made armed conflict inevitable. Suetonius depicts Caesar as undecided as he approached the river, and attributes the crossing to a supernatural apparition. It was reported that Caesar dined with Sallust, Hirtius, Oppius, Lucius Balbus and Sulpicus Rufus on the night after his famous crossing into Italy.


(This is the general area it is believed Caesar crossed)

According to Suetonius, Caesar uttered the famous phrase ālea iacta est ("the die has been cast"). ] The phrase "crossing the Rubicon" has survived to refer to any individual or group committing itself irrevocably to a risky or revolutionary course of action, similar to the modern phrase "passing the point of no return". Caesar's decision for swift action forced Pompey, the lawful consuls (C. Claudius Marcellus and L. Cornelius Lentulus Crus), and a large part of the Roman Senate to flee Rome in fear. Caesar's subsequent victory in Caesar's Civil War ensured that punishment for the infraction would never be rendered.



This ancient pillar marks the spot where Caesar addressed his troops of his intentions to cross the Rubicon.



OnDaFence 29M/37M  
15772 posts
1/9/2017 7:49 pm

So much for Roman Numerals.... I


OnDaFence 29M/37M  
15772 posts
1/9/2017 7:50 pm

II


OnDaFence 29M/37M  
15772 posts
1/9/2017 7:50 pm

III


OnDaFence 29M/37M  
15772 posts
1/9/2017 7:51 pm

IV... Have you ever wondered how they knew it was 49 BC????


Hungr4Yungr 68M
2656 posts
1/9/2017 8:55 pm

Thanks for the informative post Bret. I always wondered what Little Caesar was up to before he got into the pizza business.


hotstuffmoe 63M
62 posts
1/9/2017 9:38 pm

Love HBO Rome series where Ciaran Hinds plays julius Ceasar.


OnDaFence 29M/37M  
15772 posts
1/9/2017 10:11 pm

    Quoting Hungr4Yungr:
    Thanks for the informative post Bret. I always wondered what Little Caesar was up to before he got into the pizza business.
He had a lotta Gaul to get into politics!


OnDaFence 29M/37M  
15772 posts
1/9/2017 10:12 pm

    Quoting hotstuffmoe:
    Love HBO Rome series where Ciaran Hinds plays julius Ceasar.
That was a fairly accurate and noteworthy series that we enjoyed too.


OnDaFence 29M/37M  
15772 posts
1/10/2017 9:51 am

    Quoting sexslut64:
    So much we still don't know about the happenings during the Roman empire yet you always amaze me with your talented discoveries. Thank you.
    I also enjoyed the HBO series.
Thank you for taking a moment to comment. It's those comments that motivate me to try and find those items overlooked by our lamestream media.


OnDaFence 29M/37M  
15772 posts
1/10/2017 3:41 pm

    Quoting newfinder:
    I have read and reread Caesar's Biography a number of times. He was an impressive Dude

    XOXO

    Jack
We have a copy as well. It's more like a political / Military Dairy of I DID THIS in his life of conquest. He knew his personal propaganda machine and the need for it's display before the public.


jrodd 59M
1753 posts
1/11/2017 1:17 am

Now if we can only know how to crawl out of the modern twisting twirling rubics cube! Well at least little Caesar crossed the line in the sand to topple the Dominos pizza giant and left us with a great salad dressing to boot. lol.


OnDaFence 29M/37M  
15772 posts
1/11/2017 10:22 am

    Quoting jrodd:
    Now if we can only know how to crawl out of the modern twisting twirling rubics cube! Well at least little Caesar crossed the line in the sand to topple the Dominos pizza giant and left us with a great salad dressing to boot. lol.
Caesar paid with his life later for his populous movement working for his own self aggrandizement under the disguise of what was "good" for the people.


hobgoblin 62M
112 posts
1/15/2017 11:31 am

Thanks for the post. I don't remember back quit that far.